What is a cookie?
A cookie is a text file which is harmless that is stored in your browser when you visit almost any web page. The utility of the cookie is that the web is capable of remembering your visit when that page is again navigated on. Although many people don’t know that cookies have been used for 20 years, when the first browsers appeared for the World Wide Web.
What is not a cookie?
It is not a virus or a Trojan, worm, spam or spyware, or open windows pop up.
What information does a cookie store?
The cookie tend not to store sensitive information about you, such as credit cards or bank details, photographs, your ID or personal information, etc. Data that are saved are technical, personal preferences, personalization of content, etc.
The web server does not associate you as a person but to your web browser. In fact, if you usually browse with Internet Explorer and try to browse the web with Firefox or Chrome you will see that the web is not know that you are the same person because it is actually associating with the browser, not with the person.
Which type of cookie exist?
- Technical Cookies: they are the most basic and allow, among other things, to know when a human is browsing a human or an automated application, when an anonymous user navigates and registered one, basic tasks for the operation of any dynamic web.
- Cookies for analysis: collected information on the type of navigation that is being performed, the sections most used, products consulted, range of hours used, language, etc. These cookies are what we use on our website (Google Analytics).
- Cookies for advertising: show advertising depending on your navigation, its country of origin, language, etc.
What are own cookie and those of third parties?
Own cookies are those generated by the page that is being visited and the third-party ones are those generated by external services or suppliers such as Facebook, Twitter, Google, etc.
What happens if I disable cookies?
To understand the consequences of disabling cookies here are a few examples:
- You cannot share content of that page on Facebook, Twitter or any other social network.
- The website cannot adapt the content to your personal preference, as it often happens in online stores.
- You cannot access the personal area of that page, such as My accounts, or My profile or My orders.
- Shopping online: it will be impossible for you to make purchases online, they will have to be by telephone or visit the physical store if one is available to you.
- It will not be possible to customize your geographical preferences as for certain hours, currency or language.
- The website not may perform analytical webs on visitors and traffic in the web, which makes it difficult for the web to be competitive.
- You cannot blog, upload photos, post comments, evaluate or rate content. The web cannot know if you’re a human or an automated application that publishes spam .
- You cannot display zoned advertising, which will reduce the advertising revenue of the website.
- All the social networks used cookie, if you deactivate them cannot use any social network.
Can you delete the cookies?
Yes. Not only delete, also block, in general or specific way for a specific domain.
To delete the cookies of a web site must go to the settings of your browser and there can search those associated to the domain in question and proceed to their elimination.
Cookies settings for the most popular browsers
This is how access to a specific cookie of the browser Chrome. Note: these steps may vary depending on the version of the browser:
- You go to configuration or Preferences using the menu file either by clicking the icon of customization that appears top right.
- You’ll see different sections, click the option Show advanced option.
- Go to Privacy, Configuration of content.
- Select All the cookies and the data sites.
- A list will appear with all the cookies sorted by domain. To make you easier to find the cookies from a specific domain introduce partially or completely the direction in the field search for cookies.
- After this filter one or several lines with the cookies of the requested website will appear. Now just select it and press the X to eliminate it.
For access to the configuration of cookies of the browser Internet Explorer follow these steps (they may vary depending on the version of the browser):
- Go to Tools, Options of Internet
- Click on Privacy.
- Move the slider to adjust the level of privacy you want.
For access to the configuration of cookies browser Firefox follow these steps (they may vary depending on the version of your browser):
- Go to Options or Preferences according to your operating system.
- Click on Privacy.
- In History Choose Use a configuration customized for the history.
- You will now see the option Accept cookies, you can enable or disable it according to your preferences.
For access to the configuration of cookies of the browser Safari for OSX follow these steps (may vary depending on the version of the browser):
- Go to Preferences, then Privacy.
- In this place you’ll see the option Block cookies for you to adjust the type of block that you want.
To access the configuration of cookies of the browser Safari for iOS follow these steps (they may vary depending on the version of your browser):
- Go to Setting, then Safari.
- Go to Privacy and Security you will see the option Block cookies for you to adjust the type of Block that you want.
To access the configuration of cookies browser for devices Android follow these steps (they may vary depending on the version of your browser):
- Run the browser and press the button Menu, then Settings.
- Go to Security and Privacy, and you will see the option Accept cookies to enable or disable the checkbox.
For access to the configuration of cookies browser for devices Windows Phone follow these steps (they may vary depending on the version of your browser):
- Open Internet Explorer, then More, then Configuration.
- Now you can activate or deactivate the checkbox Allow cookies.